Alcohol use has declined and nicotine use and prescription misuse increased among 10 to 14 year olds during the pandemic, according to a study released last week. Overall, the rate of drug use among these young people has remained stable during the pandemic based on repeated surveys of more than 7,800 people aged 10 to 14 conducted between September 2019 and August 2020.
According to the study published last week in the Journal of Adolescent Health. The study was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and nine other institutes, centers and offices that are part of the National Institutes of Health, using data from the ongoing study on cognitive brain development of adolescents (ABCD).
âThese data suggest that substance use during the pandemic was concentrated among young people from the most vulnerable families, underscoring the need to provide support to these young people and their families. “
William E. Pelham, Ph.D.
It has already been found that substance use among older adolescents has also remained stable or even decreased during the pandemic (see “The pandemic has not led to a decrease in alcohol and marijuana use among young people. youth “, ADAW July 19; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adaw.33134). However, no data yet existed on the effect of the pandemic on younger adolescents.
To fill this gap, the research team conducted three surveys in the six months following the launch of the stay-at-home orders – in May, June and August 2020 – among more than 7,800 elderly ABCD study participants. aged 10 to 14 and their families participating in at least one survey. They assessed the use of alcohol, nicotine products, cannabis and other drugs among adolescents; prescription drug abuse; and many general and pandemic factors that could influence substance use.
- 8% of adolescents said they had used a substance in the past 30 days.
- Alcohol and nicotine use were the most common (3.4% and 3.6% of adolescents, respectively).
- Rates of prescription drug abuse and the use of cannabis, inhalants or other drugs were low (1.1% of adolescents or less).
- Most young people reported using only one substance and only one to two days per month.
The researchers also found that stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms in young people were all positively associated with substance use and that several factors linked to the pandemic increased the likelihood of substance use in adolescents. For example, youth who reported âextremeâ stress due to the uncertainty associated with the pandemic were 2.4 times more likely to use a substance than youth who reported âvery mildâ stress.
“These data suggest that substance use during the pandemic was concentrated among young people from the most vulnerable families, underscoring the need to provide support to these young people and their families,” said William E. Pelham, Ph.D. , University of California. , San Diego, who led the study. âBut we also need to look to the future, beyond the 2020 data, to understand how alcohol and drug use will continue to evolve as people return to school and work. By continuing to follow these young people for five or six more years through the ABCD study, we can help determine the full impact of the pandemic on American youth and take care of their health and well-being. “
The authors note that the study does not directly test or explain why the changes in the drugs used occurred, and further analysis is needed to determine the mechanisms underlying these trends.
The study, “Early Adolescent Substance Use Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Survey in the ABCD Study Cohort,” is available at https://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X(21)00326-8/fulltext.